Healthremedy123.com – Stage 1 OA involves minor wear and tear and bone spur growths at the end of the knee joints. Often, patients will feel no pain, and they will likely not require special treatment. However, orthopedic physicians may recommend supplements and lifestyle changes for these patients. If your symptoms are mild and your condition is not advancing to the next stage, you should seek treatment as soon as possible. Here are some tips on how to manage the disease.
The Only Effective Treatment is Joint Replacement
Surgical options for people with end-sage arthritis are limited. The only effective treatment is joint replacement. The only viable optiotn for cartilage replacement is joint replacement. But, this procedure is still a long way off. While it is still experimental, collagen injections from rooster combs are being tested for effectiveness. Non-surgical options may include acupuncture and topical analgesics. In some cases, the patient may be able to exercise and perform non-impact sports with a knee brace.
Osteophytes are small lumps of bone that develop over time. These bone spurs may protrude into the joint and damage the cartilage in the knee. An x-ray of the affected knee may appear normal in the early stages of the disease, and individuals may not complain of pain. Once the condition reaches the later stages of the disease, the only treatment available is joint replacement surgery.
Traditional treatment for end-stage arthritis knee involves surgery. Metal plates and screws are used to hold raw bone surfaces together. This process unites the raw surfaces of the bone, and it allows for the bones to ‘fuse’ or unite. While the procedure does provide relief from pain, it decreases joint motion. After the procedure, the ankle is often placed in a cast for eight to 12 weeks.
Late Stage Arthritis Causes Swelling and Pain
In stage 3 of the disease, the space between the bones becomes narrow and the cartilage becomes visible. This stage of arthritis may lead to swelling and pain. The person with this condition may be unable to walk without a crutch. Glucocorticoids may be prescribed to ease the pain. The pain can last for several months. The patient should see a doctor as soon as possible.
In stage three of the disease, the bone becomes damaged and the space between the bones starts to narrow. X-rays of the knee can appear normal in the initial stages of the disease. Symptoms are limited, but a doctor will usually recommend an x-ray or a joint replacement if the disease has progressed to the point that an individual cannot walk. In severe cases, a patient may receive several surgeries to replace their knee.
There are various treatments for end-stage arthritis. Surgical treatments are the only effective treatment for this condition. Other treatment options include osteochondral grafting, which involves transferring cartilaginous dowels from the non-weight-bearing areas of the knee. These procedures are generally reserved for those with advanced stages of the disease. In the meantime, patients may be treated with lifestyle changes and regular strengthening exercises.
Considering End-Stage of Disease by Undergoing Multiple Surgery
When the pain is constant and worsens even when the joint is moved, it may be necessary to consider the end-stage of the disease. Often, patients will need to undergo multiple surgeries before they can start taking opioid medications. As a result, they may not be able to exercise and may have difficulty walking. But they must see a doctor to diagnose the condition and prescribe medications to help them.
Some patients may experience osteophytes, or bone spurs, during their lifetime. They may not report any pain, but X-rays of the knee may show the presence of bone spurs. These osteophytes can cause pain and limit the ability to move. While this condition can be very painful, it is not uncommon for a patient to experience minor pain in their knee. In addition, it is also possible to have other conditions, including severe arthritis.
Surgical procedures are the only options for end-stage arthritis. In the early stages of the disease, an X-ray may not show any problems. In later stages, osteophytes can lead to pain. Depending on the severity of the condition, you may need a combination of surgical procedures. You may need to lose weight or modify your activity. An X-ray will not be accurate in identifying osteophytes.
Philbin, Edward F., Michael D. Ries, and Timothy S. French. “Feasibility of maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with end-stage arthritis of the hip and knee prior to total joint arthroplasty.” Chest 108.1 (1995): 174-181.